Decided: August 01, 1997
Debra Underwood is attractive out of an overview view registered and only Basic Franklin Economic Organization (“Very first Franklin”), Voyager Insurance Company (“Voyager”), and you can Joe Seals, an employee from Basic Franklin. This situation is relocated to that it judge from the ultimate court, pursuant to § 12-2-7(6), Ala.Code 1975.
Into the December 1992 as well as in April 1993, Debra Underwood along with her husband, Jesse Underwood, borrowed funds from Very first Franklin. In the event of a death, the financing coverage create spend in full the debt owed to help you Basic Franklin.
In November 1993, the fresh new Underwoods filed a volunteer petition for Part thirteen personal bankruptcy safety, record in their petition specific expense, like the a couple financing that have Earliest Franklin. Jesse Underwood passed away in December 1994, once the Underwoods remained for the bankruptcy proceeding. The case of bankruptcy package was verified with the January eight, 1994.
With the January thirteen, 1995, Ms. Underwood submitted a declare having Very first Franklin for the borrowing lives insurance proceeds from the two Voyager formula. To the January twenty-six, 1995, Voyager provided a couple of checks to First Franklin, paying advantages throughout the quantity of $1,808, to-be applied toward Ms. Underwood’s money having Basic Monetary. Ms. Underwood unearthed that the two formula had reduced an amount far below extent who keeps fulfilled the lady financing harmony having Basic Franklin. She telephoned Seals, a friend who had been together with an employee away from Earliest Franklin, to determine as to why the credit coverage continues didn’t pay entirely her loan debt that have Very first Franklin. Seals informed Ms. Underwood one she had received most of the proceeds she is actually eligible to located due to the fact she and her husband got recorded to own bankruptcy proceeding during the November 1993. Seals subsequent threatened in order to repossess the woman vehicle, since the borrowing term life insurance hadn’t completely paid down this new finance.
Toward February 22, 1995, Ms. Underwood recorded a software for a hardship bankruptcy launch, considering the lady husband’s demise. The woman software is granted by the personal bankruptcy courtroom for the April 17, 1995. New bankruptcy proceeding trustee try discharged may twenty two, 1995, while the Section thirteen continuing is actually closed.
On January 2, 1996, Ms. Underwood submitted this task against First Franklin, Voyager, and you will Seals, saying says alleging fraud, breach regarding offer, and bad faith, all of the concerning the benefits paid back because of the Voyager significantly less than the lady insurance coverage principles. Very first Franklin, Voyager, and Seals gone having an overview view, arguing your “philosophy of official estoppel” blocked Ms. Underwood away from getting the lady says. The brand new trial legal provided brand new motion and entered a view within the like of your defendants.
A motion getting summary wisdom tends to be offered if there is zero legitimate issue of procedure reality and the swinging group was eligible to a wisdom because the a point of legislation. Hinkle v. Burgreen Hiring Co., 678 Therefore.2d 797 (Ala.Civ.Application.1996). If your moving party produces a prima-facie indicating you to definitely zero legitimate problem of thing facts is available and this was titled in order to a view just like the a question of laws, the burden shifts toward nonmovant going pass that have facts starting a bona fide dilemma of issue reality. Id. So you can overcome a properly supported bottom line judgment motion, the new nonmovant must establish substantial research performing a bona-fide problem of matter facts. Id.
A debtor in the a bankruptcy need disclose people lawsuits likely to arise in a nonbankruptcy framework. Luna v. Rule Lender out of Middle Tennessee, Inc., 631 Thus.2d 917 (Ala.1993). The fresh doctrine regarding official estoppel pertains to preclude an event from if in case a situation in a court case contradictory which have a position prior to now asserted. Id. For this reason, the new doctrine prevents a borrower exactly who failed to divulge a state within the a case of bankruptcy of saying the fresh claim inside an excellent nonbankruptcy means.